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Cigu Township
 
 

What you must know

 Environment
Cigu Township lies in the southwestern corner of Tainan County, at 120.88° E, 23.66° N., next to Jiali Township and Sigang Township in the east, Jiangjyun Township in the north, across Zengwun River from An’nan District in Tainan City in the south, and ends at the Taiwan Strait in the west. The generally flat area is 12km long north to south, 11km wide east to west, narrow in the north and slightly wider in the south, forming a trapezoid. Zengwun River and Cigu River are its main rivers.
    The township is in a coastal region with many fish farms, tidal flats and sandbanks, and has rather diverse ecosystems.
    Flora – mangroves (Avicennia marina) thrive along Cigu River and Daliao Ditch, and beefwood trees are commonly planted on the coastal dikes and sandbanks as protection and windbreak, forming beautiful forests.
    Fauna – migrant birds flock here in large numbers, especially from September and October each year to the following April or June, many of which are protected species, including the endangered black-faced spoonbill, the rare and valuable oriental pratincole and little tern, and those deserving conservation such as the brown shrike.
 History
According to some tales, the name “Cigu” was used because 360 years ago, seven settlers arrived here from Fujian Province and built a fish farm (wen) to work on it together, which was called “Ciguwen” and later shortened to Cigu. The local administrative division during the Japanese Occupation was “village” and later “township” after the Retrocession. The administration of Cigu Township originally encompassed Tuchengzai and Cingcaolun on the southern bank of Zengwun River, which were reassigned to today’s An’nan District in Tainan City in 1946.
    Three centuries ago, the township was mostly uninhabited, the few early settlers had come over from Jhangjhou or Cyuanjhou in Fujian Province with Jheng Cheng-gong when he reclaimed Taiwan, making their homes first in Siaolong Village (close to Jintang Temple in present-day Jiali Township), and gradually spreading to the northern areas of the township over the next 80 years. At the time, there was only one port in the township, known as “Hougang,” and most people resided back of this port, making a living on offshore fishing. As the settlers’ population increased, they began to cultivate the lands near the coast, growing grains and making salt. The history of settlers in the central and southern areas is different to that of their northern counterparts. 380 years ago, they came over from Cyuanjhou and made their homes in Puding, Hanliao, Daliao, Yangchengdi, Gangcian and Gangnan (i.e., today’s Hanliao Village in Jiali Township, and the villages of Daliao and Dacheng in Cigu Township), living off fish farming and working the salt fields. 230 years ago, Caitou River overflowed and destroyed the salt fields, causing the people to disperse to around the central and southern areas of Cigu Township, where their descendants still live today.
    After the Retrocession, the township included 25 villages, but in 1988, Gangdong Village and Gangsi Village were consolidated into Hougang Village, Dingtan Village and Taitan Village into Datan Village, changing the number to the present 23. The township is divided into three districts: North Cigu, Central Cigu and South Cigu. There are nine villages in South Cigu: Sangu, Shihfen, Yongji, Yihe, Jhuciao, Jhugang, Shulin, Kanping and Kanglang; eight in Central Cigu: Dacheng, Yucheng, Longshan, Jhongliao, Yancheng, Daliao, Si’nan and Cigu; six in North Cigu: Siliao, Dingshan, Datan, Dujia, Hougang and Chengnei.
 
Where you must go
 Scenic spots
 Black-Faced Spoonbill Conservation Area
 Cigu Salt Fields
 Ocean View Pavilion
 Cigu Yanshan
 Taiwan Salt Museum
 Cigu Lagoon
 Mangroves
 Ancestor Worship Ceremony at Dujia
 
What you can't miss eating
 Special snack
 
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 Last Modified:2009/10/26  ADD : No.36, Minjhih Rd., Sinying City, Tainan County 73001, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
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